HSE: Sinonasal Cancer; RR933
First published by HSE in 2012 as a Research Report. It looks at the current burden of sinonasal cancer in the UK where exposure to certain substances in some industries pose a heightened risk.
Formaldehyde, wood dust, leather dust (work in boot and shoe manufacture), nickel, chromium VI and mineral oils have been classified by the IARC as definite human carcinogens for sinonasal cancer. Worker exposure to chromium occurs in the production of stainless steel, other alloys, and chrome-containing pigments and during chrome-plating and welding.
Formaldehyde exposure occurs during production, in pathology and embalming and in the plastics, plywood and textile industries. Mineral oils exposure, particularly oil mists, occur in metalworking, print press operating, and cotton and jute spinning. Worker exposure to nickel occurs in nickel refining, mining and smelting, production of nickel alloys, stainless steel and nickel-cadmium batteries and in welding of stainless steel.
The highest exposures to wood dust occur in wood furniture and cabinet manufacture, especially during machine sanding and similar operations. Exposure also occurs in plywood and particleboard mills, sawmills, in joinery shops, window and door manufacture, wooden boat manufacture, installation and refinishing of wood floors, pattern and model making, pulp and paper manufacture, construction carpentry and logging.
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